Well, there are no accurate numbers for individuals battling with varicose veins. Though some studies estimate that three in every 100 people may be fighting with this condition, some professionals seem to disagree.
Many people with varicose veins have no underlying diseases, and this health condition crops up for no apparent reason. The condition doesn’t cause complications or severe symptoms though most people find them unsightly. If you intend to manage or cure the condition, then, here are the most important things you should know about varicose veins.
What are varicose veins?
According to https://aboutavt.com, varicose veins are dilated (enlarged) sections of veins found below the skin surface. They usually occur on legs and are easy to spot as they appear thick and knobby. If you are overweight, they may be less obvious because they are hidden in the fatty tissue below your skin.
Causes of varicose veins
Veins have one-way valves to direct blood in one direction. If the vein walls become stretched and less flexible, these valves get weak too. Weak valves allow blood to leak backward. That means blood accumulates in the veins, making them enlarged and swollen.
The farther the veins are from the heart, the higher the chances of getting affected. This is the main reason varicose veins appear in the legs. The gravity makes it difficult for blood to flow back to the heart. Besides any health issue condition that puts pressure on your abdomen has the potential of causing varicose veins. These health conditions include constipation and in rare cases, tumors. Pregnancy can also cause varicose veins.
Are there complications associated with varicose veins?
Many individuals with varicose veins don’t develop health complications. However, in some rare cases, complications occur as the higher pressure in the varicose veins may cause changes to the nearby blood vessels. These complications develop several years following the first appearance of varicose veins.
Here are the most common complications associated with varicose veins.
- Thrombophlebitis (inflammation of the veins)
- Swollen foot or lower leg
- Skin changes in the affected area. These changes include discoloration, skin ulcers, varicose eczema, and more.
- In some rare cases, varicose veins may bleed.
These are some of the complications associated with varicose veins. It’s advisable to see a vein specialist when you notice any of these signs.
When do you need treatment for varicose veins?
Most people with varicose veins don’t need any treatment. Here are some of the instances you will need treatment.
- In case complications that cause discomforts develop. If you notice an ulcer on the affected area or the veins keeps on enlarging, it’s time to see a doctor.
- Persistent itching and discomfort mean that the condition may be worsening.
- If you feel that the varicose veins are unsightly, you may want to get treated or find a way of concealing them.
- If you notice a combination of symptoms such as swollen legs, ulcers on the affected areas, and more.
Note that varicose veins get worse over time. However, if you make the necessary lifestyle changes to control them, they won’t cause any long-term medical issues.